University of California, San Francisco.
Legacy Tobacco Documents Library.

Wednesday, March 4, 2015

BAT and Promotion of the EU's Regulatory Reforms

Five new publications have been added to the Tobacco Documents Bibliography. Subjects range from the 2014 European tobacco products directive to corporate practices to promote "hyperconsumption" of specific products such as tobacco, alcohol and processed foods.

Reference Highlight 

Smith KE, Fooks G, Gilmore AB, Collin J, Weishaar H. Corporate Coalitions and Policy Making in the European Union: How and Why British American Tobacco Promoted “Better Regulation”. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 2015 February 02. 

Over the past fifteen years, an interconnected set of regulatory reforms, known as Better Regulation, has been adopted across Europe, marking a significant shift in the way that European Union (EU) policies are developed. Drawing on documentary and interview data, the article discusses how and why large corporations, most notably British American Tobacco (BAT), worked to influence and promote these reforms. The authors show (1) how policy entrepreneurs with sufficient resources can shape the membership and direction of advocacy coalitions; (2) the extent to which “think tanks” may be prepared to lobby on behalf of commercial clients; and (3) why regulated industries such as tobacco may favor the use of impact assessments (IA) in policy making. The authors argue that "a key aspect of BAT's ability to shape regulatory reform involved the deliberate construction of a vaguely defined idea that could be strategically adapted to appeal to diverse constituencies."

Key Documents from LTDL 

BAT began to consider ways to increase its influence over EU policy by promoting the need for a form of structured risk assessment to be embedded within the European legislative process. The view being policy requirement for a particular form of risk assessment could help the company defeat efforts to introduce policies restricting smoking


 (BAT 1995)






BAT was advised by the consultancy company Charles Barker to construct a supportive coalition of interests, initially focusing on recruiting other businesses with potentially overlapping interests in risk assessment...Charles Barker also advised BAT to use a 'front group' to expedite the campaign to promote regulatory reform.
(BAT 1995)











 "The lack of official statistics will mean that greater attention and credibility will be [given] to the industry developed statistical series. This can be used to advantage in discussions and negotiations with government agencies as it means that the industry has access to information (potentially including economic assessment studies) that are unavailable to government officials. Officials will often be more willing to talk to industry in these circumstances." (BAT 1997)

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

25 years of Smokefree Skies!

On February 25, 1990, smoking was banned on all U.S. domestic airline flights.  This fight for the health of flight attendants and passengers was achieved thanks to the hard work of health groups, Senators Lautenberg and Durbin, and the flight attendants who came forward for their right to breathe smokefree air.  This ban eventually led to smokefree air on all flights to and from the U.S. and to smokefree policies for airlines worldwide.

For more in-depth information please check out ANR's 25th Anniversary of Smokefree Skies page - you will find press releases, a history of the groundbreaking legislation, and a variety of materials to help commemorate this milestone.



Videos to Watch:

Thursday, February 19, 2015

7000+ new tobacco documents added to LTDL


7,859 new documents were added to the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library this week!

Here's the breakdown:

  • Brown & Williamson documents - 6,748
  • Philip Morris documents - 343
  • Lorillard documents - 559
  • American Tobacco documents - 1
  • RJ Reynolds documents - 208



In addition, a number of new sites have been added to the UCSF E-Cigarette Marketing Web Archive hosted on Archive-It.  This web archive curates, captures, and preserves websites related to the marketing of e-cigarettes, e-liquid, and accessories as well as vaping advocacy publications and organizations.  If you know of a website you think belongs in this collection, please contact us and we can capture it!



Tuesday, January 27, 2015

New documents posted to LTDL and DIDA

5190 new documents were added to the Legacy Tobacco  Documents Library:



In addition we have added a new collection and documents to the Drug Industry Documents Archive:
The Celexa and Lexapro Marketing and Sales Litigation collection contains 115 documents from a class action lawsuit alleging that Forest Pharmaceuticals misled consumers and the medical community about Celexa’s and Lexapro’s efficacy in treating pediatric depression.

*Please note the links now go to the new Industry Documents Digital Library site containing both LTDL and DIDA.

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

More previously confidential Philip Morris documents released

A total of 20,194 new documents were added to the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library!

This includes:


In addition, we have enhanced the indexing for over 3000 Philip Morris, RJ Reynolds, American Tobacco and Brown & Williamson documents, adding values to the 'Persons Mentioned', 'Organizations Mentioned' and tobacco 'Brand' fields.

Monday, January 5, 2015

Research into Tobacco Industry Use of Flavors in Little Cigars and Cigarillos

Eight (8) new papers and reports using tobacco industry documents have been added to the Tobacco Documents Bibliography.  Publications include discussion of Transnational Tobacco Companies and plain packaging; tobacco research and West German medicine in the 20th C.; and cigarette addiction among low-income Americans.
 

Bibliography Highlight:

Kostygina G, Glantz SA, Ling PM. Tobacco industry use of flavours to recruit new users of little cigars and cigarillos. Tobacco Control 2014 October 29.

The authors analysed previously secret tobacco industry documents on the development and marketing of flavored 'non-cigarette combustible products' to determine not only the purpose of flavored additives in little cigars and cigarillos (LCCs), but also what role flavors played in product use.  While flavored cigarettes were prohibited in the US in 2009, flavored little cigars and cigarillos remain on the market. The authors describe evolving strategies used by tobacco companies to encourage flavored LCCs and industry research on consumer perceptions of flavored LCC products.


 A few key documents from LTDL:





"Consolidated Cigar has introduced two new cigars aimed directly at youth. Elite Cigars 'for today's young, contemporary smokers' and Tipalets, a burgundy flavored 'new thing in smoking.'… Both Consolidated and Bayuk Cigars are complementing their youth-oriented campaigns with record albums and other premium offers." (RJR, 1969)









"Although it is felt that current female cigarette smokers may represent a potential for new product development, the recent quitters may be even better prospects and should be included…We feel the attitudes of women toward cigar smoking, not simply as possible consumers of little cigars, but, as strong influences upon male smoking of all types of cigars is important. Inclusion of cigarette quitters is also important because, to some extent the current trend away from cigarette smoking represents a potentially profitable void which, properly positioned, little cigars can fill very well." (Lorillard, 1970)












In 1972, RJR's marketing research found that describing menthol Winchester Little Cigars as having a ‘frosty-new taste’ would intrigue younger respondents... RJR expected Winchester to appeal to young smokers, women, those accustomed to cigarette brands with a stronger tobacco taste and menthol cigarette smokers. (RJR, 1972)
















Qualitative interviews with cigarette and LCC users for Lorillard - report showed that flavored LCCs were popular among younger women and those trying to quit cigarettes, and that LCC users inhaled cigar smoke  (Lorillard, 2000)

Friday, December 5, 2014

Over 47,000 New Documents Added

47,823 new Philip Morris documents were added to LTDL this week.  A majority of these were previously "confidential" on our site but were recently de-designated by the company and made publicly available. 

Also, just a friendly reminder to try out the new beta site at: http://beta.industrydocuments.library.ucsf.edu/ 
We are constantly incorporating not only fixes and new features but your feedback as well so please let us know what you like and dislike about the site.  And if you haven't taken the survey yet, please do so (link is at the top of the page on the beta site).